UI can present as transient and reversible, or it can be established and chronic. There are four main types of UI – stress, urge, overflow, and functional incontinence.
Urine leaks due to weakened pelvic floor muscles and tissues. It can happen when pressure on your bladder increases - such as when you exercise, laugh, sneeze, or cough.
With this type, you have an urgent need to go to the restroom and may not get there in time. Bladder problems, such as infections and bladder stones, and certain medications may also be a factor.
If you cannot fully empty your bladder, you may have overflow incontinence.
Mental or physical problems such as dementia or arthritis prevent you from getting to the bathroom in time.
As a result of the social stigma associated with UI or the assumption that UI is a normal part of aging, the prevalence of this disorder may be underestimated because of unreported cases. UI is also often undocumented upon hospital discharge; it is neglected in nursing facilities; and it is underreported by healthcare professionals, who may view the condition as a symptom rather than as a medical problem.